The Rio Conference—“Reproductive Health and Justice: International Women’s Health Conference for Cairo ’94”—took place from January 24 to 28, 1994, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In five days, the 215 women from 79 countries who gathered in Rio generated this 21-point statement and strategies and activities to ensure that women’s perspectives and experiences are considered and acted upon by the United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) to be held in Cairo in September 1994.