The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which most women acquire at some point in their lives. It is the most common STI in the United States. Some strains of HPV can cause cervical cancer, which is the number one cause of cancer-related deaths among women in low-income countries. In 2005, there were more than 270,000 deaths from cervical cancer worldwide, 85% of which were in the developing world.

This fact sheet, published in 2007, outlines IWHC’s position towards the HPV vaccine and how it should be used as part of a comprehensive program to prevent STIs and promote sexual health among adolescent girls and women.